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The new buzzword in blockchain – NFT

NFT stands for non-fungible token. Fungibility is a concept in economics and stands for the ability of something to be interchanged while keeping the value intact. For e.g. money is fungible. You can exchange a $10 currency note into two $5 notes. Similarly, options, cryptocurrencies and shares are other examples of fungible assets because they can be traded or exchanged. Conversely, assets such as diamonds or baseball cards are not fungible because each unit has its unique qualities. Likewise, if Person X lends his bike to Person Y, it is not acceptable for Person X to return a different car in spite of the same model, colour etc.

Non-fungible tokens are cryptographic assets on a digital ledger, a blockchain, and can be thought of as certificates of ownership for virtual or physical assets like art, photos, videos, audios etc. Even though access to a copy of the original file is not restricted to the buyer of the NFT, the ownership is unique and cannot be replicated. Typically, NFTs are Ethereum-based tokens and they are a way of authenticating ownership of whatever asset is attached to the token.

NFTs have been around since 2014. However, it is in recent times that it has caught the limelight and has become a popular way to buy and sell digital artwork. Some of the most expensive NFT purchases are as follows –

  1. Everydays: the first 5,000 Days – $69.3 million (It is a compilation of the first 5,000 digital arts of Beeple.

 2. The first Tweet – $2.9 million

3. CryptoPunk #3100 – $7.58 million (This is one of the first NFTs created and now are selling at millions)

NFTs enable artists and content creators to monetise their works. They no longer have to rely on expensive galleries or auction houses to sell their artworks. Instead, they can sell their work directly to the consumer as an NFT. In addition, artists are also entitled for royalties whenever their art is resold to a new owner.

It might appear that you are paying loads of money for just one GIF OR JPEG file. However, it is much more than that. In an analogical way, if NFTs are just JPEG files, traditional art is just paint on canvas.

How to BuyNFTs?

  1. Make an NFT marketplace account on Opensea, NBA Top Shot etc.
  2. Fund your account with cryptocurrency such as Ethereum.
  3. Buy your NFT by submitting a bid for the NFT you want to purchase.

Even though anyone can create an NFT by making an account on NFT marketplace, it is not sure that it might sell. Value of any NFT is associated with the significance of the media and is linked to the reputation or the historical significance of the media. It is the flex of owing original artwork even though it may seem that in digital art, a copy is as good as the original.

SWOT Analysis

Is this just a bubble?

It is being said that the concept of NFTs is trying to solve a problem which did not even exist. Additionally, the crazy valuations of artworks is also a red signal to it being only a rich-people playground and nothing to do with the masses. An animated GIF of Nyan Cat sold for more than $500,000 which sounds insane. Even though it might seem to create value for artists, the business model seems to be flawed and inflated. Let’s hope, people don’t lose their money and it is actually a saviour for artists and the entry of blockchain into the mainstream retail transactions.

Top 4 most innovative environment-focused companies in the world

The Triple bottom line (TBL) framework is increasingly becoming important in corporate sector. Organisations are not only evaluating their performance from financial perspective but are also focusing on environmental and social perspectives to create greater business value. This has also been the result of questions on the ‘how’ aspect and not just the ‘why’ and ‘where’ to become the ultimate distinguishers in business. This change in corporate mindset has been brought in by the diminishing natural resources, which a few generations ago, was perceived to be endless.

While there are many companies including MNCs and start-ups who have made major breakthroughs in the processes and product innovations, there are some honourable mentions which are truly revolutionary.


Mission – Accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy.

This automobile giant has proved that electric vehicles can be a cooler driving option with quicker and better prospects than gasoline cars. With the aim of moving towards a zero-emission future, it has not only built all-electric vehicles but has also become the pioneer of clean energy by building solar and integrated renewable energy solutions for businesses and households.

Graviky Labs

Mission – Less pollution, more art.

It is an MIT spinoff specialised in building cleantech solutions. It began as a lab experiment of building a tool to capture soot from a burning candle using solvents like vodka. This green startup works in converting carbon emissions into advanced materials like inks and other sustainable industrial feedstock.

Some of the notable developments include KAALINK and AIR-INK. KAALINK is a retrofit technology that captures carbon emissions from vehicles or chimneys before it escapes into the atmosphere. The pollutants which are captures are then recycled into AIR-INK, a safe water-based writing instrument.

Energy Derived

Mission – To have every farmer grow an acre of algae and produce his/her own fuel.

This is an equipment tech company dedicated to the development of energy efficient algae production systems for the creation of algae-based biofuels. Basically, it focuses on the development of energy-efficient yet commercial solutions to processing of algae biomass. Algae has a lot of potential in becoming a future energy source in the world.

Power Ledger

Mission – To provide the platform for a fully modernized, market-driven grid that offers consumers choice in energy while driving the democratization of power.

Founded in 2016, Power Ledger is a fast-growing tech start-up that has developed an energy and environmental commodity trading platform so that our energy markets become more efficient. The blockchain enabled company aims to create a world powered by renewable energy. With its peer-to-peer proprietary application, it helps customers optimise their energy usage by allowing them to share any surplus with others without giving any subsidies. For instance, a consumer with solar panels can store and sell excess energy to another household/organisation/grid using the company’s trading platform.

Solving environmental problems through innovative solutions is the need of the hour. Companies should work towards mitigating the environmental problems and not just aim at generating profits for shareholders. As Wendell Berry rightly said, the Earth is what we all have in common. Let’s work collectively towards reducing, reusing and recycling the usage of natural resources to conserve nature and hence preserve humanity.